Does an HRA rollover? What occurs to unused HRA funds?


Does a well being reimbursement account rollover? Good query. Let Take Command clear that up for you, together with a number of of the finer particulars surrounding well being reimbursement preparations. First essential element to recollect: HRA stands for well being reimbursement association, not well being reimbursement account. Let’s leap in!

What’s a well being reimbursement association?

An HRA isn’t a checking account. This generally is a little complicated at first, but it surely’s really a lot less complicated. Not like Well being Financial savings Accounts (HSAs) and Versatile Spending Accounts (FSAs) which are accounts, “HRA” stands for Well being Reimbursement Association.

In the event you’re an worker and your boss is providing you reimbursement medical insurance like an HRA, it means that they will reimburse you for medical insurance prices and probably medical bills relying on the kind of HRA they’ve chosen. That is nice information as a result of it means you possibly can store for the very best plan that matches your wants ( you need to preserve your physician in community!), and also you submit receipts and get reimbursed. That is a substitute for a gaggle plan and means personalised plan selection and portability for you. It means employers reimbursing staff for medical insurance and medical bills. 


A well being reimbursement association permits employers to put aside a hard and fast sum of money every month that staff can use to buy particular person medical insurance or use on medical bills, tax-free. This implies employers get to supply advantages in a tax-efficient method with out the trouble or headache of administering a conventional group plan and staff can select the plan they need.

→ Try our put up on HRA account professionals and cons. 

→ Be taught extra about HRA account guidelines.


Most typical HRAs

QSEHRAs, or Certified Small Employer Well being Reimbursement Preparations, have been round since 2017. They’re HRAs designed particularly for small companies and are restricted to companies with 50 staff or much less. QSEHRA contribution limits for 2021 are $5,300 a yr for a person or $10,700 for a household per yr.  

ICHRA Plans, or Particular person Protection HRAs, represents a “super-charged” model of QSEHRA with no contribution limits and larger design flexibility with their hallmark ICHRA class perform that may enchantment to extra employers. ICHRA expands the advantages of HRAs to a bigger pool of corporations, considered one of our favourite issues about ICHRA after we have a look at ICHRA professionals and cons.

How does well being reimbursement work?

The mechanics of an HRA are surprisingly easy. At a high-level, staff pay for their very own well being bills and also you reimburse them. Right here’s the way it works:

  1. Employers design their plan and set reimbursement allowances
  2. Workers pay for their very own medical insurance and medical payments
  3. Workers present proof of their bills
  4. Employers reimburse the worker as much as the set restrict (within the case of the QSEHRA)

The important thing to notice is funds are reimbursements. Workers can pay the insurance coverage firm or physician’s workplace instantly after which submit a declare to get reimbursed for his or her bills tax-free.

Does a well being reimbursement account rollover?

The excellent news with an HRA is that any unclaimed reimbursement allowance rolls over to the subsequent month and accumulates to construct up a steadiness of unclaimed reimbursements till the tip of the calendar yr. The steadiness will begin again at zero in January. This additionally means when you have a month of bigger bills, you possibly can obtain a reimbursement bigger than your month-to-month allowance when you have a steadiness of unclaimed funds saved up.

What occurs to unused HRA funds? 

Keep in mind, an HRA is a reimbursement device, not a financial savings account. The rollover quantities are allowances that may solely be claimed for reimbursement, there aren’t any choices for a money payout of unused funds. On the finish of a calendar yr, any unclaimed allowance will probably be misplaced so it’s best to save lots of your receipts and enter your bills as quickly as you possibly can!

Need assistance making sense of how one can get probably the most out of those tax-friendly instruments?

Our staff of HRA consultants is able to chat with you on our web site. Our award profitable HRA administrator platform, our QSEHRA Administrator consultants and our ICHRA administrator consultants are all on the prepared that can assist you select what’s greatest for you.

You may also try our information on small enterprise tax methods for extra concepts on how one can play it sensible. Within the meantime, try our new HRA Information for all of the solutions!

This put up was initially printed in 2021 and has been up to date with new data and insights for 2023. 

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